Common Weeds In Florida Lawns


Common Weeds In Florida Lawns

The first step to controlling those pesky weeds in your lawn is correctly identifying them. Here is a short guide to help you do that.

Broadleaf Plantain - Plantago rugelii and Plantago major

- Perennial

- Large, wavy-edged and rounded leaves

- Long tap root similar to Dandelion

Broadleaf Plantain

(image source: http://agron-www.agron.iastate.edu/)


Bull Thistle - Cirsium vulgare

- Biennial

- Grow in rosette with spiny leaves

- Purple blossoms are produced in second year

 

Bull Thistle

(image source: http://prepare-and-protect.net/)

Buttonweed - Diodia virginiana 

- Perennial 

- Produces shoots and seeds

- Thrives in areas of high moisture or poor drainage

 

Buttonweed

(image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/mom-mu/236175868)

 

Clover (white) - Trifolium repens

- Perennial

- Prickly seed pod

- Three oblong leaflets with serrated edges in a clover shape

White Clover

(image source: http://courses.missouristate.edu/)

 

Chickweed Stellaria media, common chickweed

- Annual

- Numerous prostrate stems that produce roots from their nodes

- Star-like small white flowers

 

Chickweed

(image source: http://thegreenskeeperlawn.com/)

 

Crabgrass - Digitaria sp.

- Annual

- Flat blades with sharp points

- Seed head composed of three to ten finger- like racemes or spikes

 

Crabgrass

(image source: http://www.fertilome.com/)

 

Dallisgrass - Paspalum dilatatum

- Perennial 

- 1/2” wide yellow-green, coarse leaf blade

- Adapts to areas of poor drainage

 

Dallisgrass

(image source: http://fmcturfadvisor.com/)

 

Dandelion - Taraxacum officnale 

- Perennial

- Germinates during summer

- Large yellow flowers mature into round seeded puffballs

 

Dandelion

(image source: http://www.tuffturfmolebusters.com/)

 

Florida Beggarweed - Desmodium tortuosum

- Summer annual

- Can reach 9 ft. in height

- Segmented fruit that sticks to clothing

 

Florida Beggarweed

(image source: http://www.oblawncare.com/)

 

Florida Pusley - (Richardia scabra)

- Summer annual

- Flowers are white and grow in clips at the end of the stems

- Flower is star-shaped with six connected parts to form a tube

Florida Pusley

(image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/wildflowersflorida/6173885940)

 

Goosegrass - Eleusine indica

- Annual

- Leaves are folded in the bug with overlapping sheaths

- Seed head forms with up to ten finger-like spikes

- Broader than crabgrass

 

Goosegrass

(image source: http://mylawndoctor.us/)

 

Matchweed - Lippia nodiflora

- Perennial

- Purple and white flowers that emerge at the tip of the seed stalk

- Spreads by both seeds and stolons

Matchweed

(image source: https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/)

 

Nutsedge - Cvperus esculents (yellow - left), Cvperus rotundus (purple - right)

- Perennial

- Also known as nutgrass (but is not a grass)

- Yellow nutsedge has single tubers at root ends

Nutsedge

(image source: http://homeserviceslink.com/)

 

Pennywort (Dollarweed) - Hydrocotvle verticillata

- Perennial

- Grows from rhizomes, tubers, and seed

- Round, approximately 1-inch diameter glossy leaves

Pennywort

(image source: http://gogtn.org/)

 

Quackgrass - Agropyron repens

- Perennial

- Blue-green, rough-bladed

- Spike seed head resembling perennial ryegrass

- Difficult to control

 

Quackgrass

(image source: http://www.wildflowerfarm.com/)

 

Spurge - Euphorbia maculate & E. supine

- Annual

- Begins germination when soil temperatures reach 85F

- Small, oval, opposite leaves vary from dark green to red with a brown blotch on the surface

- Prolific seed producer

 

Spurge

(image source: http://www.msuturfweeds.net/)

 

Yellow Woodsorrel - Oxalic stricta

- Annual to short lived perennial

- Pale green, heart-shaped leaves of three

- Abundant seeds produced

 

Yellow Woodsorrel

(image source: http://wayne.ces.ncsu.edu/)